In the process of installing the floor covering between it and the wall, it is recommended to leave compensating gaps. They are necessary so that when the temperature drops, the finishing layer of expensive finishing material laid on the floor does not rest against the wall and does not deform. In rooms with ideal geometry, compensation gaps are 0.5-1 cm, if builders erected walls without special diligence, then the gaps can sometimes reach 2-3 cm. . It represents a figured lath with a profile of the most different type. Simple installation, reasonable price and reliability make it the most popular type of baseboards for many centuries.
The main types of wooden plinth
Technologies do not stand still: the emergence of quadrilateral milling machines, the rapid development of construction chemicals and other innovative solutions have diversified the production of baseboards. In any case, the basis of this decorative element remains natural wood. The industry offers the following types of wooden plinth:
- from the massif - it is created from an integral wooden bar;
- veneered - produced by gluing decorative veneer of expensive wood on the basis of cheaper wood types;
- spliced - created from several short wooden bars by gluing using the thorn-groove technology.
The most common today received wooden floor baseboard of inexpensive softwood. Among its advantages are affordable price and a wide range of profile types. Among the shortcomings - the presence of knots, but the manufacturers are now conducting a strict sorting of their products, offering customers, including products without this disadvantage.
The massive wooden plinth from an oak or cherry differs in high price. For this reason, manufacturers of high-quality products have mastered the technology of veneering. They glue the classic wooden plinth "pine" with a thin layer of expensive wood. Veneer oak, wenge, merbau, cherry, black ash and various exotic species are used. This technology allows you to make a plinth exclusive design for expensive interiors. At the same time, its price is not much higher than that of a high-quality pine plinth.
Today, glued wood is very popular. Created by this technology and baseboards: a short timber carefully selected and spliced along the length. As a result, it is possible to produce a baseboard without knots and wood damaged by rotting. Such material often serves as a base for veneered plinth, but can also be used independently in the interior.
It is possible to decorate the gaps not only between the wall and the floor, but also between the wall and the ceiling. In addition to the floor there is also a wooden ceiling plinth, received in use the name "fillet". It differs from the ceiling plinth smaller in height and width. It can be made of such wood species as pine, spruce, linden, oak.
Decorative variety of baseboards
Different types of wooden plinths are produced depending on the decorative characteristics of the profile. All of them can be divided into three large groups:
- wide wooden plinths;
- figure skirting board;
- high plinth.
The device of wooden plinths is extremely simple: in profile, any type of this decorative element resembles a right-angled triangle, the long side of which plays the main decorative role. If the base of the triangle is long, then it is a wide wooden plinth designed to close gaps of considerable size. For small expansion gaps, a high baseboard with a base of small width is used.
High and wide floor plinths have a front side with an uncomplicated geometry. Such decorative elements can be covered with veneers of expensive woods. The figured baseboard traditionally has an approximately equal ratio of height and base, while its front surface has a complex configuration. Using such wooden plinth for a floor, it is simply varnished.
The result is a decorative element with exclusive characteristics, because nature does not repeat the texture of natural wood. If a plinth with a lot of knots is used for decorating, then it is better to paint it. Such a figured white plinth fits perfectly into the interior of a kitchen or living room, created in the style of minimalism.
How to choose a plinth?
Plinths are made from a variety of materials: plastic, ceramics, MDF, aluminum, polystyrene foam. It is completely not fair to make installation of a wooden plinth only in those rooms where the wooden floor is laid. This type of decorative elements perfectly combines with such types of flooring as linoleum, parquet, flooring, laminate. A variety of profiles and the ability to select a specific wood species makes the choice as simple and optimal as possible
In the kitchen, you can use a white wooden plinth, covered with high-quality paint, it will last several decades. Decorative skirting with a complex-shaped front surface fits perfectly into classic interiors. It can be used in any rooms of the house, decorated in the style of Rococo, Baroque, Art Nouveau or Art Noir. The plinth with a strict profile will perfectly fit into interiors of style minimalism, a high tech.
Features of installation of wooden plinth
One of the main advantages of this material is simple installation of a wooden plinth. If you use products from soft wood, for example, pine, then you can use simple or finishing nails for fastening. Stronger species, such as oak and larch, require a more thoughtful approach to installation. Screws are used as a fastener, pre-drilling holes for them in the plinth. The cap of the fastener must be recessed. Before installation, the plinth should be coated with a protective varnish, wax or paint.
Fastening of wooden skirting, covered with veneer, differs in installation technology. A hammered nail or self-tapping screw may damage the decorative surface, so manufacturers produce veneered plinth with a special form of the back surface. Thanks to the original geometry and the clips used, the laying of wooden plinth is done quickly and efficiently. Clips are fixed to the wall at a distance of 25-50 cm from each other.
Special attention should be paid to the corners of wooden baseboards, the joining of two decorative elements requires skill and the use of special tools.
When installing a conventional wooden plinth, it is washed down with the help of a miter box with a 45-degree angle in opposite directions. This carpentry tool is easy to use, but the quality of the final result does not always satisfy professionals. Professionals use special saws, in which you can set the angle of rotation to the nearest degree. For such a tool, you can choose a canvas that is easy to cope with oak or larch wood. Spil turns ideally smooth and accurate, and the place of docking in the corner has no flaws.
How to fix the wooden plinth covered with veneer in the corners of the room? Many manufacturers produce for this special corner elements. They are of two types - internal and external - are covered with the same oak or cherry veneer, as the main plinth. Such angular elements are fixed with special clips that are attached to the walls of the room. At first corners are established, after that installation of a plinth is made.
Wooden and veneered plinth can be glued to the wall with wood glue. To do this, you must have a vertical structure with an ideal surface geometry.