The Bavarian laying is a special type of laying of a brick at which its different types and shades are used. Mixing happens as if by chance, but in the end it turns out a holistic pattern that can decorate any house and give it a special flavor. Masonry is used for buildings of various purposes: private houses, fireplaces, garden paths, and swimming pools.
Bavarian masonry began its history back in the seventeenth century in Germany. Then the production of a batch of bricks of the same color was a difficult task, so bricklayers learned how to create real architectural masterpieces from different bricks.
When building a house of brick, Bavarian masonry will be an excellent solution for giving the structure a basic classical style.
At first glance, all the bricks - the details of the Bavarian masonry - are arranged randomly and have no order in the layout. However, in order for the picture to look really beautiful and match the classic style, you must follow a number of rules when facing the building:
- When selecting bricks you need to consider that the ratio of colors should be equal. It should not ensure the predominance of one shade, and the number of bricks of different colors should be the same.
- There is order in every chaos, so even for Bavarian masonry, you need to think in advance about the pattern in which the structure will be faced. Experiment with the ornament, taking a few facial bricks, and try to make several fragments of masonry, alternating colored parts. Such a pattern is called a pattern.
- When drawing up a pattern, pay attention to the uniform placement of flowers over the entire area of the wall. In order for the masonry to look harmonious, one should not allow the prevalence of light or dark spots in its individual areas.
- The first row should consist of alternating parts of different colors.
- Remember that the effect may not meet your expectations, so use contrasting colors with caution.
- Bavarian clutch will look better when using brown and red shades.
These rules will help to make any building harmonious and unique.
Classification Bavarian masonry
Bavarian masonry varies in the number of used masonry bricks. There are its following types:
- classical laying which consists of four shades of one color scale.
- two-color laying;
- the multi-color laying consisting of five and more shades.
In the Bavarian laying there are many options for the combination of colors and shades. As mentioned earlier, several patterns need to be made before directly facing the building. They will determine what type and style will be the Bavarian laying. Brick in the classic version can be four colors: black and brown, brown, dark red, red. However, in modern style, designers like to experiment: facing brick of light colors and shades is widely used.
Where can I use the Bavarian laying?
Bavarian masonry is, first of all, an element of the classical style, but it can give calm and at the same time bright colors to any interior. It is used not only for the construction of single or two-story houses, but also for finishing stoves, fireplaces or even garden paths.
Facing the house of the Bavarian masonry is often combined with a Christmas tree ornament, and the fireplace, made in this style, will be amazingly combined with randomly laid tiles. This will create an element of antiquity even in a modern house and maintain a calm and cozy atmosphere in it.
Choosing a brick and tools
So, if you decide to decorate the house with the help of the chaotic ornament of the Bavarian masonry, then you should proceed to the choice of bricks and tools. Today there is a wide choice of types of bricks. In addition to shades, they differ in their relief, and internal properties, and parameters.
Ideally smooth brick without scratches and chips will be suitable for the Bavarian laying. The only exception may be an embossed brick, however, when using it, do not place two elements of the same color side by side - this will mix the two colors and remove the contrast effect.
It should immediately determine what shades the Bavarian stonework will be: burgundy is best combined with dark red hues, “flash” can be the basis for any version of the Bavarian stonework style, “magma” is perfectly combined with black and brown hues. However, it should be remembered that sharp contrasts can create the impression of negligence in facing.
If you have already chosen a brick, you can proceed to the selection of tools to get started. Here are the most necessary of them:
- a tape measure or folding meter will help to carry out measurements at each stage of lining;
- Trowel - a tool for leveling and removing excess mortar;
- The stitching gives the seams a certain shape and processes them;
- a hammer pick will help to cut a brick into smaller elements;
- mortar spade - it can be used to stir the solution in a box, as well as to feed and spread it over the wall;
- shping is used to clean the flue and ventilation ducts from the remnants of the solution, as well as to smooth the joints;
- wooden square, with which help check the squareness of the produced corners;
- level of construction to check the verticality of the masonry;
- The rule is used to check the face of the masonry.
With these standard tools you will succeed!
So, the style of "Bavarian masonry" is perfect for someone who wants to make ceramics a classic basis for their interior. Whether it is a fireplace, a swimming pool or a whole house, this type of masonry will add sophistication and individuality to the building.