Evergreens are a large group of plants that retain the same species all year round. Among them are not only conifers habitual to the inhabitants of the middle belt, but also creeping plants, shrubs, and grasses. Many of them are cold-resistant, most are shade-loving. They are great for a garden in the country or in a country house due to a number of advantages:
- Aesthetics. Deciduous plants in the winter fly around and get a somewhat shabby and dull look. With evergreens, there is no such problem - they always look equally attractive.
- Unpretentiousness. Most species need shade, fertilizer and watering, but require nothing more. Even the cold wind can not harm them.
- Greater variability. Among the species you can find trees and shrubs, grass and ivy. For any task, a suitable plant and a suitable color will be found.
If you have imagination and funding with the help of evergreen ornamental plants you can make it so that in winter the site will look festive and beautiful.
Evergreens for the garden can be used in the design of the site in various ways.
The simplest of possibilities is to plant the plants so that they set off the different corners of the garden. If you combine different heights and different shades of foliage, even in winter some diversity will remain on the site.
If you make it out of deciduous foliage plants, in the winter it will lose all meaning, it will turn into an interlacing of dull black branches, through which everything happening on the site will be perfectly visible. If you use evergreens for hedgerows, even in winter, it will remain impenetrable and look chic.
Sculptures made of foliage-shedding plants in the winter become rather unsightly. Made from evergreens, they will retain their form and chic even under the snow.
Territory zoning is one of the best features of short shrubs. They can separate the planting from the tracks, the tracks from the lawns and the lawn from the house. In addition to the aesthetic function, they can also perform a protective: not to let the wind pass, not to allow weeds or grass to grow from the lawn.
Dressing fences, arbors and any lattices
Evergreen vines are best suited for this, and in winter they will make the house or gazebo look like ivy-covered locks.
Depending on the purpose, you need to choose the appropriate plants - each of them is good for achieving certain goals.
Types of evergreens
Evergreens are many and varied. Their household classification is quite simple. By type of foliage evergreens are:
- Conifers - the most familiar to the middle band and familiar to every man in the street: pine, spruce, fir.
- Deciduous - less familiar plants that can maintain foliage even in winter. The most famous and popular of them is boxwood.
The shape of the evergreens are divided differently. Among them are:
- Trees are fairly tall plants that clearly stand out the trunk.
- Shrubs - relatively low plants, which either cannot clearly distinguish the trunk, or have several identical trunks.
- Creepers are vines that cling to any given support.
- Herbs are plants that have a stem instead of a stem. Among the evergreen species there is even one palm tree, which technically refers to evergreen plants.
- Mosses are unusual for a middle-belt grower, but having great popularity in Japan. With their help, the garden can be completely transformed.
In each sub-item classification there are plants that can be used for the garden. The main thing is to figure out which one is suitable for what.
Trees and shrubs
Trees and shrubs can be used both to compose a hedge and for decorating a plot. Usually it is conifer varieties, not only beautiful, but also fragrant.
The most popular and familiar tree is found in three versions.
Spruce giant, which can grow up to 30 meters in height and spread branches no less than 5 m. The first decade after planting grows slowly, then it can add more than half a meter in height in a year. In gardens, its ornamental varieties are more often used:
- Acrocone - dark green needles, the height of just under 3 meters;
- Inversa is an unusual spruce tree whose branches bow to the ground like those of a willow tree;
- Maksveli - a small two-meter spruce with yellowish needles and a round crown;
- Tompa - one and a half meter small spruce with a light green hue of the crown.
It can grow up to 25 meters. Crohn low down with a bluish tint. Spines long, sharp. It also has decorative subspecies:
- Fastigiata - narrow crown, noble blue tide;
- Guspi - not just blue outflow, but bright color, height up to 11 meters;
- Fat Albert - gray ebb, height up to 15 meters.
The most frost-resistant spruce that tolerates frost calmly up to 30 degrees. Easy to care for, tolerates wind well. It has decorative varieties:
- Alexandra - dense, rounded crown, fast-growing;
- Freya - splayed hard crown of irregular shape, height up to 3 meters;
- Dwarf - sprawling rounded crown, bluish outflow, about half a meter high;
- Karel is the smallest spruce that barely grows to a meter.
Spruce does not tolerate close proximity to other trees - its roots grow over a large area close to the surface and it does not make sense to plant any other plant closer than at a distance of 3 meters. It also does not like abundant watering, like many other coniferous woody plants. The ideal irrigation pattern is once every 10 days, little by little.
Loves light and grows well in the sun. It is better to plant seedlings in the summer, in a dry loosened soil.
Fir - coniferous evergreen plant with grayish, pleasant shade of bark and soft needles. Its roots go deep into the ground, the cones do not fall down, but unfold right on the tree. Among the decorative and popular varieties:
- Arizona - reaches 7-8 meters in height, has bright red cones, bluish needles, creamy bark;
- balsamic - the smallest of the varieties barely grows to half a meter, has a smooth brown bark, rich green needles with a white stripe and purple cones;
- monochromatic - grayish bark, blue-green needles, the tips are twisted up, height is up to 8 meters.
Fir loves lighted areas and moist loose soil, so it requires watering in dry times. Does not tolerate severe frosts, in the first year the roots need a warm layer of spruce branches, which will cover them.
Boxwood is an undersized ornamental plant that is great for landscape works. With it, you can form a hedge or border, use it for zoning the garden. He likes sunny or slightly shaded areas, well-loosened soil, frequent timely watering. Do not tolerate too shaded places, cold - in the fall its roots need to fall asleep with dry needles or sawdust.
Boxwood is a perennial plant that quickly and randomly grows in height, requires periodic pruning. It can be very effective with proper care.
At the same time, boxwood, though beautiful, is poisonous. It is best to care for him in gloves.
Juniper is one of the most popular evergreens. It can reach up to 12 meters in height, has a pleasant smell and beautiful buds, which eventually turn green from gray and begin to resemble berries. It has several decorative varieties:
- Montana - very low-growing shrubs that barely grow to 20 cm;
- Klumnaris - too short, grow up to half a meter and have needles with a noble blue tint;
- Mass - creeping shrubs with gray-green needles.
Juniper grows for a long time and practically does not need to be cared for - it needs to be watered only during droughts and occasionally loosen the soil. Sometimes you can apply fertilizer.
One of the exotic advantages of juniper, which can not boast of herbaceous evergreens - cones. They can be used as seasoning for meat or fish. They give the finished dish a pleasant fresh flavor.
Creepers and mosses
Can be combined into a single group, because they are less popular than trees and shrubs. However, when used properly, they can look no less impressive and at the same time much more original.
Ivy - climbing evergreen leafy plant. He likes warm, loose sour soil, an abundance of garters that can be braided. Its leaves reach a quarter of a meter in length, their color is greenish, yellowish or grayish. In the fall, flowers appear on the branches — small, green and like umbrellas — which by spring are becoming large black berries with a pleasant muscatel. They can be used as a spice.
Bindweed - evergreens that do not lose their attractiveness in winter. The leaves are silver-gray, blooms all summer, releasing pink buds that open into white flowers. It needs support, it can easily braid a fence, a fence, a lattice, arbor posts. During severe frosts it is better to cover it from the cold.
Moss - garden moss species look very impressive and can replace a lawn, as they easily overwinter under a layer of snow. Grow well in the shade, where the acidic soil and wet. They do not require any special care, they can actually grow by themselves.
Caring for evergreens is easier than most. Periodic watering, a little care before the winter period, an interested observation of what grows and spreads - and even in winter the garden will look quite summer-like magic.