Equipment exhaust bathroom - a necessary measure to prevent the appearance of fungus, mold and annoying unpleasant odor. Constantly high air humidity inevitably leads to such problems. However, using a simple ventilation system, you can make the bathroom comfortable and safe, where freshness reigns.
The bathroom hood has an extremely simple device. This is usually a forced-draft ventilation system. Key components of the device:
- Air duct, which is connected to the ventilation riser of the house;
A simple ventilation system in the house operates according to the supply and exhaust principle. However, more and more often, people living in skyscrapers equip their homes with a forced-type system. This allows you to always effectively ventilate any room, and in the case of a bathroom, also remove excess moisture.
The hood in the bathroom and toilet can be both simple and automatic. In the first case, the device is an ordinary electric fan type, which is placed in a tubular body. It is included at the discretion of the apartment owners.
Often use this way of working: when you turn off the lighting button in the room the fan starts to work. However, this method does not always allow you to completely get rid of excess moisture, so experts are increasingly recommended to equip the individual switch for the hood.
The automatic system works similarly to the previous device, except that the operation of the fan is controlled by complex electronics. The most convenient and correct from the standpoint of monitoring the level of humidity of the air are devices equipped with special sensors. As soon as the indicators reach a critical maximum, the hood in the bathroom and the toilet begins to work hard until all values return to normal.
Any of the mechanisms described above can be equipped with additional options. The most popular supplement is the presence of a check valve. It allows you to prevent the passage of air in the reverse order. This indispensable supplement can be useful to residents of apartment buildings, who often have to enjoy the smells of burnt onions or fresh borsch, "migrating" with the neighbor's kitchen.
It was mentioned earlier about the natural extractor and about the forced type of devices. In the first case, the air purification mechanism is triggered against the background of a natural temperature difference. Air flows from the air intake shaft. They take away moisture and waste gases, allowing fresh air to enter the room.
Exhaust fans are classified in several directions. Given the method of installation, it is worth to highlight the following types of devices:
- Ceiling. Such installation of the hood in the bathroom provides for fixing all the key elements on the ceiling. Ceiling devices are best used in large, spacious rooms. Simplicity of installation and low cost of such a fan is associated with its high productivity;
- Wall mounted. Surface-mounted device mounted on the wall directly to the air outlet. This is the most popular option for small rooms.
The first criterion on which to focus, the power and the estimated amount of the driven air. These figures are directly dependent on the diameter of the hood itself.
Most often on sale you can find fans with a cross section of pipe 80, 100, 120, 150 mm. For miniature Khrushchev fit the hood in the bathroom with an indicator of 80 or 100 mm. Apartments with improved layout require more powerful devices.
Choosing a fan in the house, it is important to pay attention also to the resistance to moisture. A device equipped with eclectic elements, all the time will be exposed to high humidity. Not all hoods can be freely used in the bathroom, so before buying it is better to check with a consultant this nuance.
In order for the bathroom and toilet hood to show its functionality for the longest time possible, it is important to select the most convenient location of the system before installing the device. Ideally, the structure should be located opposite the front door.
If the fan is not equipped with a battery, selecting the place for installation, you should also consider the presence of electrical wiring. It is also worth considering a number of special recommendations from experts:
- It is best to fix the hood in an apartment or a private house during the repair;
- The wiring is better to hide in special strobe;
- To protect the fan from negative external factors, the opening in the wall is supplemented with a plastic pipe. It is easily fixed with cement mortar. It is important to first connect the device itself;
- If the ceiling height allows the hood to be made a little more functional. To do this, use a complex mechanism, constructed of plastic boxes, mounted directly above the toilet.
Before you make the hood in the bathroom, you must carefully study the instructions that are attached to the device. It is important to familiarize yourself with all the design features in order to prevent a fatal error in the future.
Before direct installation, the protective cap is dismantled from the device. A building adhesive is applied to the case, and then the system itself is pressed to the exhaust device. Previously, the surface of the joints is cleaned from dust and dirt, so that the glue will “clutch”.