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Constructivism: simplicity without excesses (24 photos)

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Everyday fuss, the abundance of things sometimes make you want to stop, take a break, think about the meaning of life. Help this can be a home or apartment, decorated in the style of constructivism.

What is constructivism?

Constructivism is an avant-garde trend in architecture and art. Its characteristic features are laconic forms, straight lines, integrity of appearance. Creative nature, united in the organization, have developed a scientific design method based on the analysis of the functioning of buildings. They abandoned the principle of "art for art", putting it at the service of practical life.


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From the point of view of constructivists, for each function there will be the most rational structure. It should serve the person and be beyond the whims of fashion, expedient and convenient.


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History of

Constructivism as a lifestyle emerged in the late 20s of the last century in Russia. The country that survived the revolution and civil war needed the simplest items of daily use: tables, chairs, beds. It was no time for excesses, it was necessary to quickly establish mass production of furniture. In addition, the main slogans of the era were industrialization, economic revival, collectivism. Soviet designers created such furniture. Were built huge, without partitions, open public spaces such as factories, kitchens and palaces of labor.


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Style features

The style of constructivism in the interior and design is recognized by several signs:

  • strict forms;
  • straight lines;
  • pure colors;
  • practical materials;
  • complete lack of decorations.

However, such features of constructivism do not make it boring. It is more reminiscent of the scenery for a film about the future, where the interior performs auxiliary functions, and people are more concerned about flying to the stars than home coziness.


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Although it is characterized by rectangular connections, roundness is allowed, for example, in the armrests of chairs, dishes or lamps.

Constructivism in the design of a large spacious rooms. Instead of partitions installed mobile modules. With their help, a private zone is created at will. Small wall niches are used as cabinets, shelves, storage places, and rest rooms are equipped in spacious rooms.


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Stylish apartment

The interior, in order to qualify for constructivist status, must meet certain requirements.

Colour

A house in the style of constructivism is monochromatic, that is, the monotony of the entire interior. Single bright accents are possible. However, the colors should not be more than three, including the basic neutral white, black, gray.

Natural beige-brown gamma, red, blue, yellow colors is welcomed. Dirty or complex shades are undesirable because they break unity and are knocked out of style.

Decor

Constructivism apologists equate it to crime. Less determined tend to allow a minimum of clearance. These are smooth walls (no roughness or textured plaster), painted in light pure colors that visually expand the space of the apartment. Most often they are white, yellow, silver-metal.

The apartment, decorated in a constructive way, immediately signals: here people live serious, knowing exactly what they want from life.

Living room

Planning the design of the main room involves specific characteristics and includes several steps:

  • Determining the number of functional zones. Glass or acrylic partition panels, vertical structures will fill the room with air, make it spacious.
  • Color selection. Light tones are preferred.
  • Shine. Built-in lights. Lamps with a different direction of light look unusual.
  • Paintings, photographs, other artistic "excesses" are permissible if they fit into the general background.

Yes, today it is in demand by many, no matter how strange it may seem. Furnishing an apartment does not require special material costs, and ascetic design sets up an active, dynamic lifestyle. A minimum of things accumulates the same minimum of dust and dirt, simplifying home cleaning, so today this style has so many fans, even fans.

It is an attribute of life of people who are absorbed in an idea, obsessed with the knowledge of the world, travelers, scientists for whom the material factor is unimportant. The situation is suitable for those who want to know themselves, will help personal growth.

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