Daisy flowers are plants that can decorate any flower bed, garden or summer cottage. There are quite a few varieties and colors. They are unpretentious in care and are able to please the eye with their flowering for a long time.
What is a daisy flower?
Daisy plants (Latin name "Bellis perennis") are flowers belonging to the Compositae or Aster family. Homeland of these plants is Asia Minor and Europe. In the wild, they are found in the form of small field flowers. Modern flower growers actively grow about 15 types of decorative daisies.
The height of daisy bushes can vary from 10 to 30 centimeters. The leaves of this plant have a bright juicy color. Flowers can be of different colors, sizes and shapes. The size of a flower of an ordinary daisy is 1-2 centimeters in diameter, however in some ornamental varieties it can reach 8 centimeters in diameter.
Varieties of Daisies
In nature, there are about 80 different types of daisies. Daisy flower shape can be:
- simple (1-3 rows of petals frame the middle of small tubular flowers);
- semi-double (4 or more rows of petals around the middle);
- terry (the middle is almost not visible).
Garden daisies in professional florists are considered to be biennial. Those who have already planted these flowers are well aware that they will only bloom in the second year after sowing the seeds. In the first year, the plant forms a basal rosette, and after winter, the following year, peduncles grow.
However, professionals engaged in commercial floriculture, often use a special method of cultivation, allowing to obtain flowering of some varieties in one year.
In order to get a beautiful flower, it’s not enough to know how to plant a plant, you also need to know how to care for daisies. For these flowers it is very important to ensure regular moistening of the soil, as well as its periodic loosening.
With insufficient watering can significantly reduce the diameter of the flower. Also for this reason, elite varieties can lose their terry.
For rapid growth and intensive flowering daisies are recommended to feed. To do this, you can use special chemical fertilizers for flowers or natural bird droppings, or mullein.
In regions with too severe winters, it is recommended to cover daisies for the winter with leaves, peat or snow.
Daisies in landscape design
Designers love to use daisies in landscape design. After all, these perennials have a long flowering period and are quite unpretentious in their care.