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Top dressing of houseplants: we choose fertilizers

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The life of home flowers depends entirely on the actions of their owners. From improper care, indoor plants can not only not bloom, but even die. Fertilizing with fertilizers is a procedure that needs to be carried out regularly so that the plants get the nutrients they need. On the shelves of specialized stores you can see dozens of different fertilizers. Let's see how not to get lost among this variety.

Mineral fertilizers for indoor plants are mined industrially from geological sediments and mountain minerals. Such dressings are very easy to use: just examine the packaging and follow the instructions. Choosing this fertilizer, be guided by the actions of the chemical elements that make up the composition.

So nitrogen helps the growth of stems and leaves. This means that nitrogen fertilizer should be acquired when the leaves turn yellow, change dark green color to faded or fall off. With a lack of phosphorus flowering begins later than expected, or the buds wrinkle and die at all. A lack of potassium leads to the formation of brown spots on the leaves. Magnesium deficiency leads to chlorosis of the leaves (they turn very pale).

Organic fertilizers for indoor plants - solid and liquid excrement of domestic animals and birds (both in pure form and mixed with straw), peatlands, composts. Organics need not be personally collected and harvested, because in any specialized store such fertilizers can be purchased in the form of solutions, powders or compressed tablets. Compounds of animal or vegetable origin contain all the nutrient macronutrients and microelements that plants need.

Fertilizer for indoor plants at home is easy to prepare using ordinary products that can be found in any kitchen. Find out the time-tested recipes for the most effective fertilizing.

Coffee

Coffee as a fertilizer for indoor plants is used by many gardeners. It is believed that sleeping coffee makes the soil more friable and helps enrich the substrate with oxygen. At the same time, the coffee grounds, which is used as a fertilizer, increase the acidity of the soil, and this has a negative effect on many indoor flowers, so this feeding should be done carefully for certain plants: azaleas, roses, hydrangeas, and for different evergreen species. Application: the dried thick is mixed with a soil mix.

Some recommendations that any florist should know:

  • Excess nutrients are more harmful than their deficiencies. Feeding the plant, do not overdo it, otherwise it will lead to his death.
  • The soil must be prepared in advance for the reception of fertilizers. Two hours before top-dressing, pour soil at room temperature until complete saturation. If you do not, you will burn the root hairs.
  • A flower that has recently moved to a new pot cannot be fertilized for one or two months.
  • Feed plants can only be in the active phase of growth (spring, summer). During flowering, fertilizing should begin only after the appearance of buds. Winter is a time of rest. The lack of natural light impairs the absorption of nutrients, so fertilizers will accumulate in the substrate, causing damage to the plant.
  • Top dressings give in the evening, after watering. Extra root fertilizers are sprayed in the morning.
  • Sick and young plants can be fertilized only with weakly concentrated solutions, so that the roots can assimilate useful substances and not suffer from their excess.
  • Only carefully thought out and balanced dressings will benefit and prolong the life of your green pets.

You have learned about the most well-known mineral, organic and homemade dressings. Decide which fertilizer is best for your indoor plants, and enjoy the healthy look of the beautiful inhabitants of the windowsills.

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