Unusual and very beautiful garden flower cleoma perfectly decorate the dacha, complementing its tenderness and color. The interesting shape of the flower, reminiscent of a firework explosion, despite the clear lines, looks almost weightless.
Initially, the plant of cleoma originated in South America, but today it is found in almost all corners of the globe. Biologists know up to 70 species of this hardy and unpretentious flower, which have found their attention among local exterior designers.
The plant is very strong and resistant, it tolerates bad weather, rains and strong winds, but it is annual and blooms only once - from June to September. Many flower growers manage to achieve perennial flowering, but this requires proper care and protection from winter frosts.
Features of the plant
Cleoma leaves vary in size depending on the location on the stem, so the smallest are in the upper part, and the larger ones are closer to the root. In the bases of the leaves are hard spikes, and the leaves themselves are covered with spines. That is why the flower has another popular name - prickly spruce.
The most famous varieties of prickly cleoma are considered to be:
- Cherry Queen. The plant is covered with fragrant flowers on long stalks;
- Helen Campbell. Cleoma with white flowers;
- Rozakenigin. Gentle-pink plant with fragrant flowers;
- Golden Sparkler. One of the smallest varieties of cleoma, many even attribute it to the dwarf, but the flowers on it grow an unusual yellow color;
- Pink Queen or Rose Queen. As the name implies, the flowers of this variety are distinguished by a variety of pink shades;
- Sparkler Lavander. The name of this variety is dictated by the unprecedented similarity of the shade of flowers with lavender flowers - light purple cleoma;
- Violet Quinn. Cleome of this variety is decorated with purple, sometimes even ink flowers, which makes it a bright accent on the plot;
- Giant Pink Cusin. This variety has the largest flowers of pink and dark pink.
If you look at an unusual plant very intently, you can see that its entire surface is covered with small hairs that give off very fragrant juice. Thanks to this pleasant smell, a tropical forest atmosphere is created in the garden. The garden with glue is fragrant all summer for the joy of its owners.
Growing Cleoma from Seeds
After the cleoma has faded, boxes with black and yellow seeds appear on the stem. They are very easy to assemble and can be used for replanting. They put the glue in the spring or in advance closer to the winter.
The most popular method of reproduction of this decorative flower is the planting of clema in open ground. To do this, first prepared seedlings, which after the last frost is placed in the ground. The soil for cleoma requires a neutral, but fertile. It is better to avoid excessive moisture and very wet areas, you can arrange the glue in the sunny area, where it will appear in all its glory.
Growing seeds and caring for seedlings
In order for the plant to grow healthy and strong, the whole order of cultivation should be followed, and it is worth starting with planting seeds for seedlings. The process of forming seedlings consists of the following steps:
- Prepare the soil, which will include 2 parts of garden land, 2 parts of humus and 1 part of sand.
- The resulting mixture is filled in wooden boxes, which will then be placed seedlings.
- Seeds should be sown to a depth of one centimeter.
- After sowing, the land is better treated with compost, it will safely affect the health of sprouts, which will appear in a couple of weeks.
- Boxes with seedlings after the end of all procedures should be placed in a bright room, you can even equip additional lighting.
- Provide regular watering and wait for the first shoots.
To speed up the process of sprouting seedlings before planting can be treated with special formulations that are sold in large flower shops. Seeds after this treatment are resistant to various adverse factors.
It is possible to dive the seedlings only after the sprouts are strong and throw out the first leaves. Each bush should be transplanted into separate containers, pre-filled with a mixture of peat and humus. In individual jars, the plant begins to grow as fast as possible, but still requires regular feeding, which is best done every two weeks.
After the seedlings take root firmly enough, watering can be made more rare, but still abundant. Can be watered with a solution of potassium permanganate, this will avoid the occurrence of undesirable diseases.
As already mentioned, a sunny place and fertile soil are chosen for planting cleoma in the open ground. For this, after the last frosts, somewhere in May, a place is chosen in the garden, some gardeners even flavor it with complex fertilizer, which will be beneficial not only for glue, but also for neighboring plants.
The seedlings are planted according to the scheme 40 to 50. The bushes planted in this way will bloom profusely, brightly, magnificently, and will not interfere with their fellows. After the cleomer is planted in the garden, watering should be reduced to a minimum, do not re-moisten the soil - the cleome likes dry land.
Cleome in the garden
Today, landscape designers plant glue as a separate element of the garden, and in combination with other flowers. It is very often possible to meet the combination of pink fireworks with fragrant tobacco and laureate.
Bright fireworks of white, pink, sometimes even yellow color, interestingly dilute the general atmosphere of the garden, complementing it with the tenderness of their unusual flowers, and the hardness of resistant leaves.
The large growth of cleoma stems allows it to be used as a background for complex compositions or as a hedge. Being surrounded by such a plant is extremely pleasant - it will not only give a shadow, but also fill the air with a pleasant aroma.