When filling the garden with various flowers, you can choose a tenacious hardy plant called kupena. As a member of the lily family, this plant is similar to lily of the valley. Due to the distinctive properties of this flower can be used not only to decorate the site, but for the treatment of many diseases.
Under the bath is meant a perennial flower with a curved stem and bright oval green leaves. The leaves of the plant form even rows on the stem. The flowers of the kupena are white, changing to a greenish base. They are located in the axils of the leaves.
The rhizome of the plant has a clear form and thick knotty processes.
There are about 50 species of kupeny. The most popular is kupena many-flowered. This flower is valued for its ability to grow well in open ground.
Garden kupena has such distinctive qualities:
- Predominantly grows in a place where the shadow prevails;
- When planting in a well-prepared soil, the plant does not require fertilizer for several years;
- High rate of growth (to reduce the growth of the flower, the rhizome is dug out and by dividing it sits in the same place);
- The flower is not afraid of pests, except slugs and caterpillars;
- Compliance with any rules for the care is not necessary;
- In the garden there should be no stagnation of water in order to avoid the death of the flower;
- The plant does not allow itself to be surrounded by weeds, and therefore does not require their removal.
The presence of these qualities contributes to the use of this plant in the development of landscape garden design ideas.
A transplant can be made in any season, but it is best to do it in early May-June. For better growth, the soil is dug up to a depth of 25 cm. It is recommended to apply some types of mineral fertilizers to the soil (10-15 g per bush). Further planting and care in the open field requires falling asleep of rubble and sand, as well as backfilling of compost.
After preparing the grooves, the breeding method is selected. There are two of them. Selects the most suitable to the existing site.
Division of rhizomes
This method involves the division of the rhizome of a garden plant into large parts. The landing process consists of the following steps:
- The element of the rhizome with the stem is placed in the prepared hole to a depth of 10 cm;
- Soil compaction over the plant;
- Moisturize the soil.
After landing, the kupen will begin to develop slowly over two years. Further root survival will increase the speed of development in the garden. Do not forget that once every few years it is necessary to do the division of the rhizome to exclude active growth.
This type of planting is rarely due to the infrequent formation of kupene seeds. The plant is pollinated only by long-trunk bumblebees. Of course, there is an exception for the broadleaf species, which regularly produces a large number of fruits with seeds.
The disadvantages of this method are:
- Color set occurs after 3-5 years after planting;
- The probability of shoot is small;
- The first shoots in the case of emergence appear after a year.
When choosing this breeding method in gardens, the process of planting should begin when cold weather sets in.
Care for young plants
Depending on the cultivated species is required to care for the plant in different ways. Multicolor bathing needs regular watering, which must be carried out with moderate amounts of water. It is not necessary to flood the flower, as the plant does not like stagnant water.
For deciduous, medicinal and pink varieties characterized by a long stay without loss of strength in the drought. Watering these flowers is necessary in a situation where the soil dries out due to lack of precipitation.
After watering young plants do not need to loosen the soil near the stem. Such a procedure can cause damage to the rhizome, which is fragile and located near the surface. Instead of loosening, mulching is performed.
Flower care for the first time after planting also has its own nuances regarding the removal of weeds. The shoots at the initial stage are influenced by climbing parasites due to weakness, so they are cleared of weeds before planting. Another way to rescue from weeds is washing the rhizomes before planting in the ground.
Kupene is not afraid of pests, but during dry weather the plant can be attacked by snails or slugs. It happens that you can find sawflies on a flower. These caterpillars destroy leaves in a short time. If insects appear on the plant, it is necessary to take appropriate measures.
Since the beginning of winter frosts come, respectively, it is necessary to prepare the plant for this period. In areas with a temperate climate, no operations are necessary. The stem of the garden is just dying off. At the rhizome begins the period of wintering in the ground.
In areas where severe frosts occur, the plant must be sheltered. This can be done by filling in a layer of sawdust, peat, lapnik.
Application in landscape design
The presence of ornamental thickets in transplanting this flower favors the growth of popularity among many gardeners and designers. Koupena in landscape design allows you to hide the emptiness and ugliness of garden areas. Some types of plants used by florists to create unique compositions and bouquets.
Often, landscape designers use such a plant for the purpose of planting tree trunks of trees growing in a garden. If you wish to organize rockeries, in the center of low-growing plants you can arrange a multi-flowered cupola. It will complement the general appearance of daisies and asters.
In the garden areas where daylilies and irises grow, you can plant this flower. It will serve as a backdrop for everyone else. The location next to the tulips will help to look away from the faded spring processes.
In developing the landscape design of the garden, along with a bath, you can use other plants that grow in the shade:
Transplanting a plant along a hedge from various bushes helps to hide bare stalks of shrubs. Such a landscaping technique is often used by avid gardeners on their own plots, because tall flower stems grow in the shade that appears from behind shrubs.
When developing the landscape arrangement of the garden, it should be taken into account that the broadleaf kupena gives poisonous fruits, so you should not plant it if children walk on the territory, because the bright fruits attract attention.
The ability to fit into any garden makes it a cup of tea that is used by many gardeners and designers. Flowers can be used to create beautiful desktop bouquets. Without requiring compliance with the special nuances of care, the plant will decorate a shady corner of the site.