Creating a bright, unique image of your garden, we choose a variety of shrubs and flowers. One of them is Iberis (aka Iberian, a golden flower or stennik), who came to us from the slopes of the Iberian Mountains in Spain.
Iberian belongs to the Cruciferous family and has about 40 subspecies. Among them are annuals, perennial options that can safely survive our winter, as well as an evergreen variety.
All of them are characterized by long-term lush flowering, delicate aroma, ease of care. These squat bushes fit perfectly into the design of flower beds and alpine hills. Landing does not require much time or effort.
Types of Iberis
Iberis includes a large number of subspecies, from 10 to 45 cm tall. The base of the plant is squat, arboreal. The shoots are green, often stretching upward, but some varieties creep horizontally. The leaves are narrow, oblong, rich emerald color (about 30 * 5 mm in size).
The flowering of golden flowers begins in May and lasts up to 60 days. The buds are tied abundantly, the flowers are small, arranged in bunches. The color scale is various: from snow-white to lilac and lilac shades. In the period of active color, they form a continuous fluffy cap, exuding a pleasant aroma.
After successful pollination, small pods with seeds are formed, which can be used for planting for the next 2-4 years.
There are several of the most popular varieties. Let's talk about them in more detail.
Umbrella Iberis differs branching base and the lack of edge on the shoots. Its height is greater than the previous one by an average of 10 cm. The leaves are narrow, long (up to 7 cm). Blooming elegant pale pink or rich lilac shade.
Perennial include the following varieties:
- Iberis evergreen. Perhaps the most common type that can decorate any garden with numerous white flowers. Caring for an evergreen stennik is extremely simple: you just need to free it from wilted inflorescences and water it during dry periods.
- Gibraltar Received widespread, thanks to its unpretentious, neat appearance and delicate lilac tone of flowers. The species is characterized by a small height (10–15 cm) and a thyroid inflorescence.
- Variety "Crimean". Low-growing perennial, height 9-12 cm. Flat leaves have a gray-green tint. Interesting flowers are: until the buds bloom, they cast gentle-purple. During the active flowering - turn white.
- Iberis rocky. Creeps on the ground, shoots are not more than 15 cm in height. The bloom is so abundant that behind the flowers there is no visible foliage and interlacing of the branches of the base.
- Chameleon. Popular due to the unusual overflow of petals from pink and white to violet color, as well as a wonderful sweet smell. The variety is characterized by simplicity of planting, luxuriant splendor, high frost resistance.
Evergreen species of Iberis and its other varieties are consistently in demand among both landscape designers and ordinary gardeners. They look great in combination with other undersized flowers, conifers, ornamental shrubs.
Iberis flowers are known for easy reproduction. For this use the seeds and seedlings obtained from them. Plus the possibility of dividing perennial species.
Ripe seeds of golden flowers are harvested during the entire flowering period. The pods are dried and kept warm. If the seeds are not collected, then the next year will have to thin out the dense shoots of young.
To get seedlings from seeds, they are sown in soft soil to a minimum depth, around the end of March. You can simply sprinkle them with coarse sand. This should be done in a warm room.
For irrigation use a spray so that the seeds are not washed away under the pressure of water. Planting seedlings in open ground is possible when the night frosts end, and the daytime temperature is close to + 15 °.
Keep a distance of 25-30 cm between the bushes. If you have planted young plants quite often, and everything is well caught, it is worth thinning the young plants. So, they will be able to fully develop without interfering with each other.
To prolong flowering, you can plant Iberis in open ground in batches with an interval of 1-2 weeks.
Iberis evergreen on reaching 5 years can be seated by grafting. To do this, cut out a part of the bush along with a tree base and young shoots. Planting and further care in the open field do not require any labor-intensive activities. It is very important to plant the plants in early spring or in autumn, before the onset of cold weather.
Peculiarities of care
In general, the plant is unpretentious and does not require complex care. It is important to plant Iberis in a well-lit place, as they like sunlight. In the shadow side, the shoots will stretch out much, the buds will fall off, the foliage will dry out. Land suitable porous, including rocky and sandy soil, with sufficient air exchange.
Iberis evergreen (and other species) does not require frequent watering. Roots do not tolerate excess water in the soil, as they are prone to decay. In the hot period, in the absence of rain, it is sufficient to water the wall cell twice a week.
Perennial plants are seated by dividing at the age of five. It is also important to annually trim the stems after the end of flowering and seed ripening. You can shorten them by ⅓ of the total length. Given that iberis blooms for quite a long time, you should remove dried flowers and make room for new ones. So, the bush will always look well-groomed and neat.
Compliance with these simple rules will allow you to grow healthy, bright, fragrant iberis without much difficulty.
It would be advisable to feed a perennial plant once or twice a year. Do it in the spring, in preparation for flowering, using complex fertilizer. That will contribute to a more active strings of buds and lush color.
The second option is to fertilize iberis with compost at the end of the summer season. To do this, dig a small ditch at some distance from the bush, fill in the compost with water there, cover it with earth. It is permissible to use both methods for one year, especially on poor soils.
Excess fertilizer will lead to excessive iberian growth and the need to constantly adjust the size of the bush. On fertile soils, fertilizing evergreen iberis can be done once every 2-3 years.
Diseases of iberis
Growing iberis is not too laborious, but sometimes you have to fight against diseases of bushy flowers. Worms and an earthen flea can cause a lot of anxiety, eating foliage and stalks of golden flowers. To eradicate pests, use aktar and regular irrigation with water of the ground around the bush.
Aphid is also seen among the pests that have chosen iberis. Its appearance is indicated by whitish spots on the leaves, the drying of the flower shoots. A liquid solution of potassium soap or tobacco broth will help to remove aphids.
The weak point of Iberia is the root system, as it is prone to rotting and fungi. The disturbing symptoms in this case are growths on the roots, slow development of the plant, yellowing of the foliage. To avoid fungus, treat the area with a fungicide before planting seedlings in open ground. If after this you still find the affected plant, you will have to destroy it and re-cultivate the land.
Preventive measures and a little care will prevent the flower from becoming infected with fungi and pests, most of which can be successfully dealt with if treatment is started at the first signs of the disease.
Iberis retains an enviable popularity not only in home gardens, but also in the process of landscaping the city limits. All thanks to the long, abundant flowering, ease of planting and simplicity seedlings. So, to grow a fragrant, fluffy iberian under the power of each.