Hinged facade systems are very popular today. They allow you to finish the house at a high pace, to establish an additional layer of insulating material. An important advantage of most of these materials is their low weight, which reduces the load on the foundation. The greatest variety is different facade siding, created from different materials.
One of its types is fiber cement siding, which is environmentally friendly and practical. The lining of it is impressive with its realism, the panels are difficult to distinguish from natural wood or brick, not only in color, but also in relief texture.
What is fiber cement siding?
The popularity of vinyl siding is based on its affordable price, but buyers constantly have doubts about its fire safety and cold resistance. Metal siding meets the stringent requirements in the field of fire resistance, is resistant to temperature extremes, but its aesthetic characteristics are not the most outstanding. Analysis of the deficiencies of these materials and the search for alternatives have led to the creation of fiber cement siding. It consists of sand, cement, water and cellulose fibers, reinforcing panels. Available fiber cement siding under the tree, under the brick and natural stone.
The main advantages of the material
In the domestic market, this finishing material is not so long ago, but it quickly gained popularity among property owners due to its following advantages:
- ideally imitates the texture and relief of natural materials;
- has high strength characteristics - not inferior to concrete;
- as part of environmentally friendly materials;
- resistance to solar ultraviolet radiation;
- wide range of colors, different natural shades;
- the lifetime of the facing is at least 50 years;
- simple installation accessible to non-professionals;
- increased resistance to severe frosts;
- easily tolerates temperature extremes;
- does not burn, and during a fire does not emit toxic or harmful substances to the air;
- low water absorption;
- lack of wet processes during installation;
- panels are not subject to corrosion;
- low weight
It is recommended to finish with fiber cement siding for houses or commercial properties created in various architectural styles. The material is well combined with natural stone, decorative plaster, brick, ceramic and shingles.
Types of fiber cement siding
The leaders in the production of material are Japanese companies producing a wide range of brick siding. They offer dozens of shades, collections that mimic clinker, hand-molded bricks and kiln bricks. The colors are so natural, and the texture and relief are accurate, that it is difficult to distinguish the brick siding from the classic masonry made by the hands of an experienced bricklayer. Such a facade of fiber cement siding will decorate a respectable cottage, a luxury hotel or a luxury specialty store.
Fiber cement siding imitating wood looks no less impressive. Manufacturers have picked up natural natural shades, and the relief texture reproduces in detail the surface of a wooden board made of cedar or Angara pine. Surprisingly, the panel is also easily sawn with a hacksaw, like wood, but unlike it does not burn and does not support combustion. This is an important feature that attracts owners of country houses, villas, holiday homes and motels. In contrast to wood, fiber cement is not subject to rotting, it does not require regular treatment with protective compounds.
Fiber cement siding under stone is very popular; it is no less realistic than brick or wood collections. The material imitates in detail the complex surface of natural stone, and for greater similarity in the manufacture of fiber cement, marble chips, mica and quartz are added to it. At the same time, the lining weight is significantly less than that of a stone and amounts to 15-20 kg per square meter. According to this parameter, the material is inferior to clinker or ceramic brick, which allows it to be used in houses built on light foundations.
Siding under a brick or wood fiber cement can be used as a facade material in the construction of the following objects:
- country houses;
- preschool institutions;
- public buildings;
- business centers;
- holiday homes;
It is possible to use front material in all climatic zones of our country.
The siding for a socle perfectly proved, its practical and strength characteristics do not concede to concrete or a stone. At the same time, the technology of finishing the basement is available to any home craftsman. The material is used to finish the eaves, chimneys, fences, arbors and garden pavilions.
Installation of fiber cement siding
Before starting work it is recommended to calculate the amount of material using special calculators. They take into account the overlap and the percentage of waste, allow you to accurately determine the number of panels. You can make the calculation yourself, but you should pay attention to the useful width of the panel and its fixed size.
The installation is carried out on a 30 x 50 mm sheathing of timber, which is fixed to the load-bearing wall with powerful screws, nails or anchors. The technologies of installation of heat insulation, waterproofing, wind insulation, vapor barrier, inherent in all hinged facades are observed. Wood panels are fixed with a vertical overlap of at least 30 mm. Installation is carried out from below and the initial level is established first.
Fiber cement panels are fixed to the crate in an open or closed way. Hide fasteners allow special clips, latches, fixing the panel and pressing them to the crate. The advantage of this method is the absence of violations of the integrity of the siding. However, the material tolerates drilling well and this method of assembly is called open. During the work, a number of rules are observed - the holes for the screws are drilled into the places of the greatest thickness of the panel, retreating from the edge at least 20-30 mm.
After completion of the main installation work, installation of corners is recommended - external and internal. They not only protect the joints from rain or snow, but also give the building a complete and complete look. Manufacturers of fiber cement siding produce all the necessary components for high-quality installation of this facade material.
Fiber cement siding is a modern facade material of a wide range of applications. Its only drawback is the high cost, but given the fact that it is still a novelty in the domestic market, there is hope for a gradual price reduction. In any case, the facade of fiber cement and today is cheaper than finishing with high-quality facing brick or imported clinker.
Metal and vinyl siding fiber cement panels are superior in aesthetic characteristics and durability, practicality and variety of collections, environmental friendliness. This material will bring a lot of positive emotions to property owners, both during installation and maintenance of the facade throughout its entire service life.