It is best to take care of the installation or replacement of heating devices in summer or early autumn, when their replacement will not be critical. The process itself should be approached very carefully, after finding out which batteries, radiators or convectors will be more useful in terms of efficiency and economy for your home. To facilitate the choice of the type and type of batteries will help this article: in it we will try to provide complete and detailed information about the types of radiator heating devices, their main advantages and features of use.
Main types of heating devices
Conventionally, radiator batteries are divided into several types according to the method of attachment:
- Floor heating radiators;
- Floor recessed;
- Wall mounted;
And for several types of material from which they are made:
- Steel heating installation;
- Cast iron radiators;
Interior designers consider this type of heating device to be one of the best, since floor-standing batteries can be disguised or discreetly integrated into the surroundings.
Installation of floor radiator is carried out with the help of bolt-type fastening. This easy to install mount is characterized by high reliability and durability.
Since the height and length of the battery can be changed, the floor mount is ideal for shops, offices, or homes with panoramic windows or windows close to the floor. To improve the appearance, floor heating installations are often masked under the objects of room decoration: for example, they are embedded inside hollow wooden boxes, which are later used as seating. This method of installation will look good in the waiting rooms of hospitals and railway stations.
Floor-mounted heating devices: the way robots and the merits of this layout
Floor-mounted water heating installations quickly heat the air passing between the battery plates. The heated air layer rises up in a short time, and its place is occupied by heavier cold air flows, so according to its method of operation it is a conventional convector device. These are the best radiators for panoramic windows: firstly, they are invisible, secondly, they quickly heat large volumes of air, and thirdly, they impede the flow of external cold air masses.
The main advantage is the ability to install the battery at any height level. The overall stability of the attached structure will depend on the mounting block and the strength of the supporting wall. Although manufacturers try to make the blocks as durable and durable as possible, but they most often break and fail, so this type of installation of heating batteries is considered the most unreliable.
Features of installation and operation of heating systems of plinth type
Two types of components are used for the production of plinth radiators: these are plastic pipes that will receive hot water and small ribs or plates made of various metals that are small in height and width. Mounted plinth heating devices just below the windows, closer to the floor. This is a good way to insulate houses where the windows are located very low. For example, it can be used in attic rooms.
When installing baseboard radiators, there are two important limitations to keep in mind: firstly, the water pressure inside the pipe should not exceed more than three atmospheres, secondly, water is supplied to them with a temperature not higher than eighty-five degrees. These nuances are due to the quality of the material of the tubes, if they are neglected, the plastic will simply burst or crack.
Steel heating devices
Steel, as a material for radiators, is used most often in conventional panel heating installations of floor or wall type. They are the most affordable and quite effective in work. They work like the convectors built into the floor: the air between the plates heats up and rushes up, and cold air flows come to replace it.
The main advantages of steel heaters:
- Low price;
- The rapid heating of the air in the premises;
- Economical energy consumption in both electric radiators and water-type installations;
- To create panel heaters, high-quality and wear-resistant steel is used, so they will last a long time;
- The remaining components are made from environmentally friendly materials.
- Water heaters do not tolerate internal water hammer due to the small thickness of the steel walls;
- When water is drained during maintenance work, the inner sides of the ribs come into contact with air, which causes oxidation and rust;
- Since the air heats up very quickly, drafts may appear in the room.
Aluminum heating systems
The first thing you need to know about them is that batteries of this type are used only for self-contained heating devices due to a number of limitations: they do not withstand the water pressure of the general heating system and quickly oxidize from the inside due to poor quality water, which leads to corrosion of internal surfaces.
According to the production method, aluminum radiators are divided into two types:
- Cast. The outer plates or ribs are poured from aluminum alloy;
- Extrusion Parts of the battery are squeezed out of a single aluminum sheet in special factory settings.
The advantages and disadvantages of aluminum heaters are the same, regardless of the method of manufacture. The only thing that makes cast batteries differ from extrusion models is the price, and the minimum that is not so important for the end customer.
Cast Iron Heating Radiators
Inexpensive and reliable heating device familiar to all residents of the former Soviet Union: cast-iron floor radiators can be found everywhere. Heavy batteries heat up slowly: weight and heating time are the two most important drawbacks. But they serve for a long time, the 50-year term of work for them is the norm. Recently, retro-style cast-iron batteries have become popular, their production and sales have already been established abroad. Such batteries look stylish and beautiful and are able to decorate the interior of many private houses.
The main advantages of cast iron heaters:
- Long service life;
- Corrosion resistance;
- After shutdown, they retain heat for a long time.
- Great weight;
- Slowly heat up.
Batteries made of composite material, mainly used for the manufacture of steel and aluminum. The first component goes to create internal tubes, the second - for external heat transfer ribs. This layout allows you to make a strong and durable installation of heating. Bimetallic heaters are made abroad, so they are quite expensive.
The main advantages of bimetallic heaters:
- High heat dissipation;
- Resistance to hydraulic shocks and surges of internal pressure;
- Economical consumption of heating components;
- Quick installation.
Disadvantages: high cost.
We should also mention the autonomous oil radiators. Floor installations of this type do not depend on the public heating system and will be useful in that period of the year when it is not already turned on. Unfortunately, electric oil batteries consume a lot of energy and can not be attributed to economical sources of heating.