Japan is a country with rich and original cultural traditions, and it is not surprising that now it is so popular. Japanese style attracts conciseness, bordering on asceticism. This is "beauty in the small", beauty without pathos, unnecessary details and flashy colors. This is minimalism. At the same time, the Japanese interior does not look scanty. Its basic principles are minimalism and functionality, that is, exactly what owners of one-room apartments should strive for. In this article we will try to explain to you the basic principles of design in the Japanese style.
First of all, it is worth noting that in traditional Japanese design in the spirit of minimalism, there are not many objects familiar to us - high tables and chairs, as well as doors. The doors in our understanding with you were brought to Japan by the Europeans, before that only screens and partitions were used there. These lightweight structures make it easy to divide the room into functional zones, without making the space heavier. In addition, the screens can each time have a new way. Their serious drawback is the almost complete absence of sound insulation.
Tables in Japan are low, and sit behind them most often on the floor, less often - on special chairs. Low tables significantly expand the space and, moreover, have a low weight, making them easier to move to another location.
The classic Japanese interior is an amazing space that Europeans might even call "empty." In fact, it is not: not emptiness - minimalism. Emptiness is a skillful illusion created by certain methods. The main of these principles is simple - "nothing extra"!
- the room must remain free, filled with light and air;
- the furnishing of the room should, as far as possible, be combined with the surrounding landscape;
- refuse uncomfortable pieces of furniture. Watch not the letter of the interior, but its spirit;
- The interior of the room can quickly and easily transform. The harmonious combination of "momentary" (screens, sliding partitions) and "eternal" (bearing structures of the building) is the architectural and design embodiment of philosophy, which follows Japanese society for many centuries;
- the room must in any condition retain its individual features, which can be accomplished with the help of stable elements of space - niches in the walls, differences in floor height, permanent sources of light;
- the center of the dwelling is the compositional center, where a table or a traditional futon mat is usually located, depending on the time of day. Other interior elements are located around the perimeter.
Since the interior in Japanese style is extremely concise, like any other interior in the spirit of minimalism, special attention should be paid to the choice and placement of accessories. Here are some basic principles:
- trinkets and souvenirs should be removed;
- all unnecessary items that can be hidden should be hidden;
- favorite books or dishes can be placed on the open shelves;
- must be present only those items that are regularly used by the owners of the apartment;
- It is allowed to leave Buddha statuettes, cult things and objects that are of great importance to the owners.
Lighting in the Japanese interior is given much attention. One of the features of the Japanese interior - the predominance of natural light, artificial light is often dimmed. Light should be diffused and soft, its task is to emphasize beauty. For this reason, spotlights for lighting specific areas are more suitable than a centralized lamp (for example, a chandelier). Creating a lighting system for an apartment in the Japanese style, remember this analogy: bright lighting of European houses - the light of the Sun, unobtrusive lighting of the Japanese house - the light of the Moon.
When it comes to choosing colors for interior design, the Japanese tradition suggests using subtle, pastel colors and shades. The Japanese dislike stone surfaces, preferring wood, this also applies to the floor. Natural wood or durable bamboo is welcome. It is best to close the windows with panel Japanese curtains.
When creating an interior in the style of Japanese minimalism is encouraged to use natural materials. Bamboo wallpaper, furniture made of natural wood, natural fabrics and a minimum of plastic and synthetics - this is the formula by which materials are selected for placement in the Japanese style. The walls can be decorated with wallpaper made of bamboo, sheathed with light wood panels or covered with natural cotton and flax of light shades.
The interior in the style of Japanese minimalism is not suitable for everyone. Those who are accustomed to the rapid life of cities, will feel uncomfortable in such a room. The Japanese interior is ideal for those who come home to rest, relax, and perhaps even go into themselves and meditate. The apartment, decorated in Japanese style, is your personal island of measured and balanced life.
There is always a mystery in the Japanese style. The Japanese do not like to answer the question directly, clearly and verbally. So the design in the Japanese style should have to reflect, ask questions, and not answer them. In this apartment, everyone can find something of their own, and that is why Japanese minimalism is so valued throughout the world. We hope you will appreciate it.