The man came out of the water, formed in the water. A person can spend hours watching the sea, the stream, and the movement of water in a fast river. In part, it calms, brings certain movements of thought. And where to relax, if not at the cottage?
Building a waterfall in the country is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. Even if you do it yourself. But first you need to do the preparatory work:
- Understand what you want and how it should look;
- Choose or come up with the look of the project;
- Decide on the location;
- Calculate available funds;
- Find the performer and creator of the design, if not to make their own hands.
The most important thing is to understand the meaning of creation. Why do you need a waterfall in the garden or at home? This is not an idle question. If it is needed only for contemplation, this is one thing, and if it will perform some other functions, then this should be immediately discussed and laid into the project. Arrangement to start better to start with a mini project.
Samples of such designs are great. Waterfall can be single-level, cascading or multi-stage. First you need to determine the source of water. There is no doubt that the pumping station will be laid in the construction. The pump will deliver water from every corner, but it should be enough to create an effect. Let the source be even a small stream.
The project determines the location of the waterfall with the subsequent water collection tank. Call it a pond. For normal circulation of water requires an adequate supply of water in the pond. The design and arrangement of the waterfall will not be impressive if the water level in the pond changes critically. This unnaturalness introduces artificial features that violate the composition. In nature, everything is harmonious, even the water level.
Only at first glance it seems very simple: he dug a pit in the summer cottage with his own hands and took water there. Not here it was! First, the water should not go into the ground, if this is not provided by the project. Secondly, water will circulate through the pumping station, and any debris or soil particles can disable the pump.
So, the construction of an ornamental waterfall should be approached very responsibly, as the construction of a house. On the selected site draws the contours of the future pond, which should be in harmony with the contours of the house. Reaching a given estimated depth, choose another 10-15 centimeters. At this extra depth, we fall asleep clean sand. We ram it well, for which we irrigate it with water from a watering can.
In order for the water to fall, it is necessary to raise it. Therefore, before the main pond we should have a small decorative pool from which water will fall. Structurally, it is no different pond, but much smaller than it and is located higher.
The flow of water can make its way between the stones in several places and at different levels, it can smoothly flow from the upstream tank.
On the technical side, the implementation of the project is not difficult. It is necessary to organize the supply of water in the upper tank, and from the lower pond to collect it. The water circulation can be adjusted using shut-off valves.
The device of such a landscape project is more complicated than a usual summer one. What are the differences in the winter version? The effect of negative temperatures on water is known to all. But maybe not everyone knows that low temperatures do not just freeze water, but cause the pipes to rupture. In the winter version, the water should be replaced with an antifreeze or the waterfall should be in the winter garden with a positive air temperature.
You can create a waterfall in the winter garden with your own hands, too, but it will require much higher costs than in the open summer cottage. An artificial garden always brings high costs at any time of the year. In the winter version, you can restrict the creation of structures made of glass. The use of glass is used by many designers.
For some reason in the garden lot, many forget about safety. And in vain. What we have? Artificial pond, albeit small, but the reservoir. And if its depth exceeds 1.5-2.0 meters, then without a protective fence it is dangerous.