The kitchen can rightly be called the heart of the house: it is nice to get together with the whole family or to meet with friends. This room should be stylish and beautiful and at the same time practical and functional. The materials that are used to finish the kitchen, are quite high requirements: they must be resistant to temperature and humidity, have a long life and easy maintenance. Decorative plaster in the kitchen - a modern way of finishing, which perfectly meets all the listed requirements.
Types and features of the material
Unlike conventional building mixtures, which are traditionally used in leveling walls, decorative plaster is a special homogeneous mixture for finishing work. Granite, marble chips, vegetable fibers, algae, sand, and other filler materials may be included. From the particles that make up such a plaster, will depend on the texture and pattern of the future coating.
For the original wall decoration manufacturers offer a huge selection of decorative plasters based on natural and artificial fillers. Let us consider in more detail each of them:
- Mineral Dry cement-lime mixture, to which is added marble or granite chips. Kitchen walls with such a finish are resistant to moisture, look stylish and luxurious.
- Silicone. Synthetic resins are added to the mix, thanks to which the composition is plastic and easy to apply, it has an excellent coupling. Differs in resistance to ultraviolet, mechanical stress. Experts rate it as the highest quality, which justifies the high cost of the material.
- Synthetic. Contains acrylic resin, liquid glass, nylon fiber, styrene.
- Acrylic. It is considered universal. It is made on the basis of liquid glass. The coating is characterized by vapor permeability, it is sufficiently resistant to mechanical damage. When using this mixture, pre-leveling the walls in the kitchen is not required. Dries very quickly. For the price - this is the best option.
In addition, plaster is also classified by appearance. It happens:
- Structural. Due to the presence in the composition of fillers, different in size, the masters create a spectacular pattern on the walls: grooves, streaks, streaks. Sometimes, in order to give the kitchen walls an effect of wear and noble aging, colorless granules are included in the mixture. Bursting with a trowel when grouting, these granules leave scuff marks. Structural plaster is used for fashionable kitchen decoration using craquelure technique. Drying, the composition forms a spectacular cracks, which are subsequently tinted and stand out. In general, the impression of a vintage interior.
- Relief. This decorative plaster in the kitchen is used to create three-dimensional drawings. The most common types are “bark beetle”, “lamb”, with imitation of water droplets on the surface, with imitation of stone, pressed paper, wood and leather.
- Venetian. Used to imitate expensive finishing materials: travertine, marble, mahogany, precious metals. Looks expensive and natural.
- Sgraffito. The coating resembles an appliqué. Using stencils and templates, masters decorate walls with patterns, drawings, inscriptions, etc. And even if you want to have clouds on the ceiling of your kitchen, or the walls are decorated with the family coat of arms, this technique will bring your ideas to life.
- Flock. Literally, "flock" in English means fluff, a scrap. This interesting technique with a spray on the plastered surface of textile, cellulose fibers and lint can be called a kind of know-how manufacturers of finishing mixtures.
- Smooth plaster. With this method of finishing the mixture is applied in 2 layers, achieving a smooth and smooth surface. This design can be called the best and most common for small kitchens or studio apartments. At the same time, it can be considered decorative with a great stretch.
There is also a classification according to the size of the filler. Mixtures are coarse-grained and fine-grained. With the help of coarse-grained walls, impressive texture is given, such finishing is less subject to the risks of mechanical damage. Fine-grained mixtures can be used to finish the kitchen, with the exception of work areas, because the coating is easily damaged.
Decorating the kitchen with decorative plaster is suitable for walls, ceilings, as well as arches, ledges and niches. With proper combination of texture, color and type of plaster, you will get not only a stylish room design, but also save square meters and create a cozy home.
Modern finishing mixtures are safe, meet the requirements of environmental friendliness and hygiene, non-toxic. Thanks to antiseptic additives on the surface will not form a mold, fungus. Walls with decorative plaster are characterized by good sound insulation and resistance to fire. Among the advantages of this type of finish are a number of characteristics:
- a wide choice of textures, color solutions;
- seamless, due to which irregularities and defects become invisible. The absence of joints and seams greatly facilitates maintenance, helps to keep the coating in its original form;
- maintainability. If the finish is damaged, this area can be restored quickly enough;
- durability, strength and durability;
- the ability to create a unique kitchen design. The use of picturesque plaster mixtures allows you to imitate and create original coatings: from precious stone to luxurious silk surfaces.
Experienced builders call decorative plaster a versatile material suitable for almost any surface: drywall, concrete, brick, and wood. Of course, when working with mixtures, a certain skill and experience is required, but if desired, this technology can be quickly mastered. The finished mixture is offered in convenient containers, the material is consumed economically.
According to those who used decorative plaster in the interior of the kitchen, the coating corresponds to the declared performance characteristics, but still has some drawbacks, of which the main one is the high cost of the material, corrosion was also observed when coating the metal surfaces. In addition, the plaster can not be used for cladding structures, insulated with mineral wool. It was also noted that mainly professional craftsmen were involved in the execution of the finishing works, thus increasing the cost of repairing the kitchen.
Features of work with the material
Work with decorative finishing mixtures is divided into several stages. Pre-hold surface preparation - leveling, primer treatment. Then the mixture is applied directly in several layers. It is necessary that each layer is well dried before applying the next. Polishing or glazing is carried out at the final stage. To increase strength and performance, the surface is usually coated with wax or special varnish. This gives the finish a glossy shine.
Decorative plaster on the walls are not painted. The dye is added to the mixture, do it before applying each layer.
For obtaining original color solutions the method of washing is applied. If it is necessary to obtain any pattern, plastic mixtures are recommended for this purpose. The texture is not formed immediately, but only 30 minutes after application.
Masters for obtaining relief surfaces work with special tools, these are stamps, rubbing sponges, textured and gear rollers. For the application of expensive mixtures used horny or coral sponge. Home masters for this purpose apply a hard kitchen sponge. To remove small irregularities, sanding or grouting is done with a fine abrasive mesh after the finish has completely dried.
What should be considered when choosing a material?
If you decide to apply decorative plaster yourself, the following recommendations will help you when choosing a material. It is advisable not to use cheap mixtures, but too expensive ones require professional skills. Beginners should choose acrylic plasters, which are easiest to work with. Consider the features of the interior of the kitchen and the type of plaster.