Croton or Codiaeum (lat. Codiaeum) is a thermophilic plant originally from the humid tropics of Southeast Asia. This colorful representative of the euphorbia family in the wild reaches a height of 3 meters or more. Croton at home with careful daily care can grow to a height of 1-1.5 meters.
Croton is a home plant requiring vigilant cares. This expensive shrub is worth buying only to gardeners who are ready to devote a lot of time and effort to caring for the codiaeum.
Croton as a refined decoration
Room croton is appreciated for its unusual bright color of leaves. The deep green color of the foliage of different varieties of plants is combined with rich shades of yellow, red, orange and purple tones in the most bizarre combinations. Codiaeum flowers are small, white and inconspicuous have no decorative value.
A compact croton in the shape of a bush or indoor tree will decorate a residential building or office space.
Danger of codeieum
It is important to remember that the codiaum is poisonous, like most representatives of the euphorbia. Its juice causes irritation when it comes to the skin, the ingress of croton juice into the gastrointestinal tract causes vomiting, nausea and diarrhea. After any manipulations with the codiaeum, it is recommended to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Under normal conditions, the codiaeum grows like a small tree. If desired, the plant can be given the shape of a bush. To do this, Croton shoots are cut with a sharp knife. It should be noted that croton is difficult to give pomp, because in vivo plant growth is directed upwards. Most often, the efforts of flower growers are aimed at growing indoor wood, which will be a picturesque decoration of any interior. Connoisseurs will appreciate the efforts made to grow this naughty pet.
There are dozens of varieties of indoor room codes, but they all require the same conditions and care. Croton home flower needs a warm and humid climate, as in its native tropics. The optimum air temperature is 20–22 ° C; in winter, temperatures should not be allowed to fall below 16 ° C, and in summer, above 26 ° C. When supercooling, the root system of the plant rots, when overheating leaves dry.
The bush does not take out drafts, even in the summer it is not recommended to take it out to the balcony. It is desirable that the air flow from the open window or vents did not fall on the leaves.
All varieties of Croton need sufficient lighting, but without direct sunlight. The optimal location for the plant will be a window facing west or east. In winter, you can put the pot on the windowsill, looking to the south. The sunlight-deprived leaves of the Croton lose their colorful coloration and become plain dark green.
Picturesque croton will decorate any windowsill, and the grown indoor tree - a real pet.
For irrigation using only warm distilled water at room temperature. Croton is watered every other day, in winter - once every three days. The soil in a croton pot should always remain hydrated, but excessive moisture will lead to rotting of the root system and the plant itself.
Simultaneously with the irrigation it is desirable to spray the leaves from the spray. The sprayer is put on the "minimum" mode - tiny drops should immediately dry on the leaves, but do not flow down! At least once a week, leaves are wiped with a damp cloth.
During the flowering season - in spring and summer - codiaum is fed every week with special nutrient mixtures that are applied to the soil after watering the plant. In winter and autumn, it is enough to fertilize Croton once a month.
Signs of improper care for codiaeum
|Sign of||Possible reason|
|The leaves have the same green color.||Insufficient lighting|
|Croton sheds leaves||Watering with cold water, lack of moisture|
|Leaves sag down||Lack of moisture|
|Dry ends of leaves||Insufficient watering|
|Roots of a plant rot||Low temperature, over-irrigation|
|Diseases of the plant: shield, mealybug, spider mite||Dry soil, low air temperature|
Typical diseases of codiaeum: spider mite, scab, mealybug. Diseases affect codia only with improper care. In this case, the plant is carefully washed with a mild soapy solution with a sponge and sprayed with special preparations.
Of the 17 species of Croton growing in the wild, only the motley codiaeum - Codiaeum variegatum - and its subspecies moved into the rooms. On sale you can find the following varieties of Croton.
With proper care, codiaeum is actively growing and pleases with its unusual appearance.