Asparagus is a perennial plant of the asparagus family, which is home to the countries of Asia, Africa and South America. In nature, the stems can reach about 20 meters, but domesticated asparagus has branches with a length of 1 - 2 meters. The plant is in demand on all continents for cultivation at home, in the garden, offices, in institutions and hospitals, as well as in greenhouses; The twigs are used by florists as a component of bouquets, because after pruning the greens do not fade for a long time and retain their appeal
The ground part of asparagus is somewhat similar to a fern. There are no leaves in their usual form, they have great similarity with needles that come out of scales. It is the latter that are the leaves, and the needles are shoots similar to the fern frond. Outwardly, the plant looks like a thorny shrub, but in fact the leaves are quite soft and tender to the touch. The root system is developed and strong. Asparagus begins to bloom at home only after five years, but then the berries appear (quite poisonous).
Care for asparagus at home
Growing asparagus at home is a simple process. Initially, you need to decide on the type of growth, since the stems grow quite long.
If the flowerpot is placed on the floor, window sill, etc., then a place is chosen that has enough surface around the plant for growth.
If the pot is suspended, then the branches need a reliable support.
Since most plant species do not tolerate direct sunlight, asparagus is grown in the northeast or northwest window. It is possible to locate the plant on the eastern and western windows, but here it is required to cover the glass with tulle. If the room is southern, the pot is exposed at some distance from the window. In winter, the flower is transferred closer to the light, away from radiators.
In early spring or immediately after purchase, it is not recommended to expose an indoor plant asparagus to intense lighting, to withstand it for several days in a darkened place, gradually adapting to the brightness of the light.
In summer, the air temperature in the room where asparagus is located should not rise more than +25 degrees, in winter - lower than +12 degrees. Excessive heat, like coolness, is poorly tolerated by the plant - foliage can crumble. At high temperatures, increase the humidity of the air, spray the plant daily.
In the autumn-winter period, watering of asparagus is carried out two days after the top layer of the earth dries out. In spring and summer, during the active growing season, the soil is watered immediately after the top layer dries. It is recommended to produce lower watering, that is, water should be poured into the pan, the roots themselves will pull moisture.
Until the age of asparagus is five, the question of how to transplant a plant does not arise. But in subsequent years, care includes an annual transplant, then this event is held once in 2 - 3 years. Every next transplant uses a pot a little larger than the previous one, which will allow the roots to grow. Pre-root system is slightly trimmed.
In the bottom of the new tank a hole is made to drain excess water. At the very bottom of the pot, a 2 cm layer of expanded clay is poured, then a substrate consisting of 2 parts of humus and the same amount of coarse-grained river sand, 1 part of leafy earth. The plant is watered and fed in two weeks.
Reproduction of asparagus
At home, the flower asparagus multiplies in three ways:
- Division. During transplantation, the root system is divided into several parts, each of which is planted in a separate pot. Pre-roots slightly pruned.
- Cuttings. Reproduction is carried out by cuttings in early spring. To do this, shoots are cut at 10 cm in length and rooted in a tank with river sand, which, after watering, is covered with a film, which reduces the evaporation of moisture. Capacity is placed in a bright place at an air temperature ranging from +20 to +22 degrees. Every day the space under the film is ventilated, the sand is moistened. After a month rooting occurs, and asparagus is transplanted to a permanent place.
- Reproduction by seeds. If artificial pollination of flowers was carried out, then the fruits from which the seeds are obtained are tied. Sowing is carried out in January-March in the soil consisting of sand and peat in equal shares. The soil is thoroughly watered, the seeds are laid out on the surface, the container is covered with a film and set in a bright place. If condensation forms, the film opens slightly for ventilation. The temperature in the room from +20 to +22 degrees. After a month, the first shoots appear, after they reach a length of 10 cm, a dive is carried out. In June, the plants are transplanted to a permanent place.
Since the indoor flower asparagus does not have a dormant period, the plant is fed all year round, but in the spring and summer fertilizers are applied every week, in the fall - once every 14 days, in the winter - once a month. Ready-made mineral fertilizers (in liquid form), as well as organic in low concentration (mullein, etc.) are used for feeding.
Asparagus diseases and possible pests
If the treatment is done incorrectly, the houseplant begins to ache, showing the following signs:
- asparagus turns yellow and showered, the stems become wilted and sluggish - the reason for this condition may be a lack or complete lack of fertilizer, excessively high temperature and dry air, poor watering;
- loss of brightness of color and too elongated shoots indicate a lack of light;
- badly darkened needles indicate the need for more frequent watering;
- brown spots on the stems are burned from direct sunlight;
- if the bush is wilted, then this happens due to rotting or drying of the roots;
- after pruning, asparagus stops growing - the shortened stems will no longer increase in length, but after a while new shoots will appear.
Asparaguses are subject to attacks by aphids, spider mites, thrips, scutes, and powdery worms. The plant does not tolerate treatment with insect extermination agents (insecticides). Because its owner is recommended to regularly inspect the bush to detect pests at an early stage of settlement - this will cope with them and without the use of chemicals.
Types of asparagus for home cultivation
There are several of the most popular types of asparagus for indoor breeding, each of which has its own differences and requires special care.
An openwork plant with thin graceful delicate green color with needles and strongly branched falling stems. This type requires a special soil: light, sour, consisting of peat, turf and leaf soil, sand in equal proportions. Reproduces asparagus division of rhizomes, prone to rapid growth. Over-drying of the soil is excluded, as the plant can quickly die.
The plant is able to clean the air in the room of harmful bacteria and microorganisms, heavy metals, volatile substances.