The balcony in most cases is a jumble of unnecessary things, an improvised storage of home canned goods or a place to store vegetables. A storage room, a small attic or a storage room with windows - this is exactly the role that the loggias have in urban apartments. But the balcony may well be a cozy and functional room.
Increasing the footage of the apartment
It is an increase in usable area, as a rule, that becomes the goal of those who are thinking how to equip a balcony. If you competently use the loggia as a separate room, think through the functionality of the room, with inspiration to approach the finishing, glazing, waterproofing, decoration, insulation and other points, you can finally get a place for a good rest at the end of a hard working day.
A small balcony is often equipped as a continuation of the kitchen. Especially this option is relevant for residents of "Khrushchev" or apartment owners with very narrow balconies. Ideas for a bigger balcony are more varied: if the dimensions allow, you can equip an ergonomic bedroom, a stylized mini-cafe or a comfortable study.
The arrangement of the balcony or loggia
Before proceeding directly to the work on finishing the balcony room, you should carefully consider the plan-project. So the implementation of the idea of arranging a balcony includes the following intermediate steps:
- Development of the project: conducting measurements of the balcony room, determining the question of expanding the adjoining room at the expense of the loggia or decorating the room as a small separate room, choosing a specific idea for arranging a balcony and interior style, drawing up a plan for arranging furniture, carrying out communications, clarifying the project budget.
- The choice of materials for interior decoration of walls, ceiling and floor, the purchase of necessary building materials.
- The release of space from unnecessary things, the arrangement of closed lockers for storing things that can not be thrown away.
- The solution to the issue with the balcony glazing, the purchase of building materials and the implementation of the idea.
- Warming of the walls and ceiling of the room so that the temperature of the balcony does not differ from the main room.
- Wiring lighting in accordance with the idea of arranging a loggia.
- Final work on interior decoration, furniture and accessories.
It is important not only to think over the finishing options, but also to write everything in detail on paper: this way you can get a complete picture of the upcoming repairs (which greatly increases the chances of success) and determine exactly the budget.
The start of work on the arrangement
The implementation of the idea of finishing the balcony begins with the purification of the space for the upcoming changes. So it is necessary to disassemble old things that have accumulated over the years on the loggias, do the cleaning and move everything that might still be useful to other storage places or, for example, take them to the cottage. After cleaning the balcony space, it is necessary to take up other activities in turn.
Frame or frameless, functional and wear-resistant PVC-windows or luxurious wooden, two or three-chamber double-glazed windows, appearance and size. You can order the usual clear glass, stained glass or tinted.
Most often, anti-weather waterproofing based on universal liquid rubber, polymers or bitumen, roofing material, special primers or impregnations with a water-repellent effect are used to protect against adverse weather conditions.
It is possible to warm all the elements of the balcony (and the walls, floor, and ceiling). The technology involves the installation of a frame (metal or wood), a waterproofing layer, then laying insulation (foam panels, foam plastic, mineral wool) and a vapor barrier material, which can be, for example, penofol or polyethylene.
A good solution would be to install on the loggia of the heating system of the type "warm floor". This will allow to equip not only a functional room for a good rest, but also a bedroom, where you can not be afraid to spend the night even in winter.
Balcony interior decoration
Materials for finishing should be chosen based on financial possibilities, personal preferences of the owners, the design of the adjoining room and the chosen idea of arranging the balcony.
The ceiling, which, by the way, can be suspended, is often sheathed with clapboard, high-quality plasterboard or simply whitened. In the future, drywall can be painted or styled with wood panels.
Wall cladding is usually carried out with plastic panels, universal wood or more budget material - vinyl siding. You can decorate boring walls:
- bright photo wallpapers;
- pop art paintings;
- vinyl stickers;
- decorative plaster;
- slate board (option is great for the kitchen or office);
- composition of several canvases;
- even colored tape or stickers.
Many interesting ideas also provide for the design of the room in a calm color scheme with the release of one bright element: massive curtains on the balcony, contrasting linens, original decor items.
For the floor, depending on the overall style of the balcony room, suitable laminate, linoleum, carpet. After all the necessary work has been carried out, you can start arranging the balcony room: arranging furniture and accessories, decorating.
Balcony arrangement options
The basic ideas of balcony design are limited to the following range of options that can fit in the room.
Loggia will be a great continuation of the adjacent kitchen. As a rule, a large tabletop (on the windowsill) or a small table with chairs are placed in the additional room.
Such a non-standard solution fits perfectly into the arrangement of small apartments.
On the balcony you can place a computer desk (although you will have to make an individual order), several hanging shelves or a low cabinet for papers. Instead of a cabinet you can equip the workplace of the student.
The option is more suitable for large balcony rooms, where several simulators, sports equipment and a yoga mat can be comfortably accommodated.
Mini-garden or garden
This idea will provide homeowners with fresh greens, even in winter. But you can simply place the flowers on the balcony with a beautiful composition.
Any child will be happy to hang a hammock, a tent or even a sandbox right in the apartment, mini-kitchen or workshop. In one-bedroom apartments where families live with a growing child, the balcony can become some analogue of a separate children's room.
The needlewomen are happy to equip a separate space to do their favorite work. According to the project, the workshop is very similar to the study: it is enough to place a table (with a sewing machine, for example) and several shelves for the necessary details, and also to buy a good desk lamp.
Having made a bar counter on the balcony (for example, from a window sill) and having bought several high chairs, you can equip an excellent mini-cafe. It is especially good if the view from the window is suitable for such styling.
Place for relaxation and rest
You can put on a loggia sofa, rocking chair, floor lamp, coffee table and other items that are associated with peace and comfort. Add entourage suitable curtains on the balcony, floral print or wood paneling.
Neat storage room
If there is really not enough space for storing things, it is worth putting a few extra cabinets and chest of drawers on the balcony.
Keep your favorite books on the balcony is quite acceptable, if you provide the necessary temperature and humidity.
Ideas for a small balcony
Not all of the above options are suitable for a small room. In this case, you need to proceed from what room is adjacent to the balcony room. Ideas for a small balcony may include the design of a windowsill in the form of a dining table (if the room is adjacent to the kitchen), the arrangement of the cabinet or the placement of several chairs and a floor lamp.
Design ideas of a small balcony often also provide for visual expansion, which, of course, should not be neglected. So it is undesirable to use massive decorative elements, rough furniture, an abundance of parts. For finishing it is better to use light colors and glossy surfaces.
Heated loggia, equipped in a certain style, is sure to become a highlight of the home and will allow not only to increase the area of the space used, but also to find a cozy resting place or additional functional room.