Hyacinth (Hyacinthus) - a representative bulbous perennials family Asparagus. The ancient Greeks called the plant "flower of rain". He is one of the first happy bright colors in early spring. It is not surprising that many nature lovers are willing to decorate their homes, using the flower hyacinth. Plants adorn the windowsills of city apartments, and flower beds of summer residents.
Homeland hyacinths - the vast majority of the territories of the East and North Africa. However, Holland especially popularized the flower. This country is often called the "Hyacinth Center." In the Netherlands, breeders work tirelessly to create new amazing varieties, and the export of the best bulbs reaches enormous proportions.
Indoor hyacinth has dense bulbs, supplemented with succulent bottom leaves, turning into a flowering stem (length up to 35 centimeters). After flowering, almost all the ground part dries out. Near the edge of the top sheet remains a kidney. It will give flowering next year.
Hyacinth varieties are presented in such an impressive amount that it is rather difficult to systematize them all. It was previously assumed that there are 30 species and 500 varieties of these amazing colors.
Large-scale reorganization and changes in the very principles of the classification of plants, has led to the fact that many species have been transferred to another genus. Now it is accepted to call hyacinths only three types:
- Flower Litvinova;
These are the three main plants that are suitable for growing and breeding new varieties. Call the exact figure, how many varieties exist at the moment is virtually impossible.
The easiest way to classify plants is by color and popularity. There are six types:
- Blue hyacinth in a pot (Perle Brillante, Mary);
- Lilac Hyacinths (Blue Magic, Indigo King);
- Pink Hyacinth (Anna Marie, Gertrude);
- Red flowers (Hollyhock, Tubcrgen's Scarlet) - especially popular for growing terry varieties;
- White Hyacinth (Arentine Arendsen);
- Blooming hyacinth, painted in yellow or orange color (Yellow Hammer).
To systematize varieties, given the demand or popularity, it is quite difficult. House flower is selected on the basis of its decorative qualities, cost, availability for sale, individual preferences, analyze the properties of other plants on the street (are all floral components compatible). Among the most popular "flowers of rain" can be noted such varieties as Bimark, Delphi Blue, Dilight, Lord Balfour, Edison, Jan Boss.
Features of growing
Hyacinth at home is grown with particular difficulty. The plant is capricious, requiring gardeners of certain knowledge and scrupulous implementation of the rules. The main features that everyone should know about:
- Flowers are transplanted exclusively in neutral soil. The ideal substrate is leafy ground and high-quality turf in equal proportions. Sour soil is lime before planting the bulb. When planting flowers in heavy clay soil, it is better to add a little river sand to the substrate;
- Hyacinth in a pot and in the open field does not tolerate excessive moisture. It is very important to form a good drainage;
- Lighting must be of high quality, but not excessively bright;
- Hyacinth is capricious and difficult to grow at home because of its sensitivity to drafts. Experienced gardeners prefer to plant a flower near shrubs or fences that will protect fragile inflorescences from wind gusts.
Growing hyacinths at home implies a complete rejection of fresh organic matter. Plants do not tolerate this specific fertilizer.
Experienced gardeners know what kind of treacherous hyacinths, so planting and care is carried out strictly according to plan. The bulbs are recommended to be planted simultaneously with daffodils. The optimal time is the beginning of September. The depth of the planting fossa is 15 cm. The distance between the plants is about 10 cm.
When the troubles associated with planting are over, another question becomes urgent: how to care for hyacinth in the garden. Requirements for farming a little, but they must meet.
True connoisseurs of spring flowers know how to propagate hyacinth. For breeders, the preferred seed method. If you plant a hyacinth in this way, the seedlings are not capable of dubbing the features of the parent plant.
About current issues
A lot of effort needs to be spent to grow hyacinth, home care is also fraught with difficulties caused by diseases and pests. Among the main reasons provoking illnesses in bright spring flowers, there are:
- Using pre-infected planting material (if there is a pathogen in the substrate, the plant will immediately react to it);
- Too acidic and heavy soil (before watering a hyacinth, water is previously prepared with the help of soil pH correctors);
- The use of fresh organic matter that does not tolerate any type or variety of hyacinths;
- The use of the site where the predecessors previously lived was not friendly to the “rainy flower”;
- If you put a hyacinth rotted or damaged in another way, cultivation and care will be particularly difficult;
- Thick landing.
Hyacinth is really a sophisticated and moody flower. It is necessary to care for plants with special trepidation. If all conditions are met, spectacular flowering will delight amateur gardeners from year to year.