The key difference in this category of repair solutions is the elimination of a rigid connection of the floor with the base. The design looks like a multi-layered “pie”, in which materials with different performance characteristics and capabilities are combined. To identify the advantages and disadvantages of the floating floor, it is necessary to consider the conditions of its use and features of the device.
Advantages of innovative technology
The generally accepted concrete screed is in many respects inferior to floating floors, primarily in sound-proofing properties. This property is achieved precisely due to the independent position of the coating relative to the walls and the foundation. It should also be noted high-quality insulation, especially valuable for those who live on the first floor. Another advantage is the relative ease of installation procedures: the device of the floating floor is not accompanied by difficulties, even if prefabricated variations are chosen or a dry screed is used.
- excellent protection of the premises from any negative manifestations of the environment;
- lack of care;
- high rigidity and strength of the finished floor (here the presence of a large number of layers affects);
- pronounced damping effect during operation.
One of the reasons for the concern of the tenants of apartment buildings is the variety of percussion noises that appear when moving heavy objects, children's games, and fast walking. Concrete floors almost do not absorb them, but the floating floor on the logs can 50% increase the noise insulation of the dwelling. It is important that the design does not need special care, it, like analogs, can be vacuumed, washed.
Key floor types
Cork, dry, prefabricated and concrete construction options are common, then each of them will be considered.
When at the heart of traffic jam
Floating cork floors are made of laminated panels, while on top is a natural material. The panels are characterized by a unique pattern, they are not fixed on the base, but connected to each other with grooves and ridges (the joints are fixed with moisture-resistant glue). If necessary, the structure can be dismantled and assembled without losses on another site.
Such a floating floor combines parquet, grooved flooring and laminate flooring. This wooden coating is very popular among compatriots. According to technology, materials must “acclimatize” before use, that is, for some time to adapt to the microclimate of the room. Here, the key to high-quality assembly is the evenness of the base, significant irregularities can significantly reduce the operational life of the coating.
Dry screed application options
This is the basis for the future of the floor covering, it should have optimal heat and sound insulation performance. Selection of material is carried out depending on the tasks. In particular, when a floating floor is created for sound insulation, mineral wool should be included in the list of materials, if the priority is to reduce heat loss, you should use foam.
Specificity of concrete structures
The result is the most durable floating floor compared to the presented counterparts. It is optimal in industrial and warehouse areas, where there are increased loads on the coating, moreover, it can be found in private homes, because it is durable, which means it is economically justified.
Features of creation, materials used
Installation of floating floors involves the formation of 3 key layers. First of all, the base is settled: it can be a reinforced concrete floor, a solid wooden floor or a traditional concrete screed.
This is followed by a lining layer consisting of foam, mineral wool, izolona or expanded clay. The technical characteristics of the listed materials and the specifics of the base are the factors of choosing the optimal variant. If the base is flat, apply a simple or foil izolon, foam or linoleum. When there are noticeable irregularities, the experts choose clay, which successfully masks all the flaws. In the latter case, it is recommended to additionally install a vapor barrier component.
The top layer of the "cake" is a functional decorative coating, the components of which are connected directly to each other. Regardless of what type of finishing material was chosen, you need to leave a special clearance around the perimeter.
Rules for the implementation of the modular option
Works start with the alignment of the base. If laying floating floors involves using a tongue-and-groove board or laminate, there is no need for a concrete screed. Acceptable if the base does not have significant differences, so you can even use the old coating.
If the choice fell on the laminate, take a roll tube or isolon as the substrate, you also need a tape measure, pencil, hammer, jigsaw. A hammer is used to fix the boards to each other (all sides of the material participate in the process). Panels should be perpendicular to the window, in this case the joints will not be evident. The prepared base is supplied with a substrate, then the first row of boards is laid along the wall, you need to knock on them with the utmost care, there should be a corresponding gap before any obstacle. The last panel in the row is trimmed to the desired parameters. The boards must form a chess game. The final stage of the formation of the floor becomes the installation of baseboards.
The procedure for the arrangement of cork coating
When the surface of an existing carpet or linoleum is perfectly flat, you can create a floating floor from a cork on them - you just need to remove the baseboard. If a concrete screed is used, it must be clean and completely dry, it is covered with a thin substrate (the strips are laid at a distance of 1-2 cm). Since the cork is a hygroscopic material, an isolon layer will be needed here, a polyethylene or vapor barrier film is permissible. It is cut off with an overlap on the wall, which should be at least 6-12 cm.
The most successful option is the orientation of the cork panels in accordance with the direction of the sun rays penetrating the room. Mounted from right to left, then the comb will look at the wall, and the groove - directly into the room. This forms the starting row along the wall. It is necessary to think over everything in advance so that the length of the last panel should be at least 20 cm. It is permissible to start a new row with the remaining piece of board from the previous layout. It is necessary to mount so that the joints do not coincide. Within 7 days after completion of the floor should refrain from placing on it heavy furniture and household items.
Instructions for arranging dry screed
The most popular method of leveling, as it is easy to install and relatively low cost. It is also important that he does not need time to dry, you can quickly go to the final stage of work.
Compared with a concrete screed, dry is lightweight, so it does not become a factor in increasing the load on the supporting structures. Its main disadvantage is low moisture resistance, but this can be corrected through the introduction of innovative waterproofing materials.
As a rule, two layers form a dry screed: bulk material and sheet components covering it. In the form of backfill often used claydite, quartz, silica, perlite sand. This procedure perfectly aligns the floor, forms a complete heat and sound insulation.
The first layer - vapor barrier - plastic film, cut off with an overlap on the wall, its joints are reinforced with reinforced tape. Next is the sound insulation, made of strips of mineral wool, izolona, foam. Before filling, the lighthouses are exhibited, which will subsequently be removed, the materials are evenly covered and rammed thoroughly. Masters advise to consistently fill in small areas in order to avoid further curvature of the coating due to uneven precipitation. The surface is covered with sheets of plywood or chipboard in the form of chess, they are fastened to each other using self-tapping screws.
The specifics of the floating floor on the basis of a concrete screed
The technology of work is such that as a result, a strong, durable coating is formed that is not afraid of temperature differences and has excellent heat and sound insulating characteristics. If the installation is carried out on the first floors, the first step will be to create a waterproofing layer on a dry fill, mineral wool, polystyrene foam, polystyrene foam. Further, the perimeter is covered with a contour tape, which is necessary to protect the walls during operation.
The pouring stage begins: the workers carefully stack the concrete solution. The quality of the screed directly depends on the type of concrete: the higher it is, the better, it is not recommended to save here. For a uniform implementation of filling, beacons are set up in advance, a reinforcing mesh or modern ultra-strong reinforcement is used without fail. Concrete floor needs a long time to fully dry.
Useful tips from the masters
In order to create a floating floor as a result of a complex of installation works, resistant to external influences and high operational load, experts recommend that you follow several rules:
- the structure does not need additional fixation to the base with nails or screws;
- the direction of work should be perpendicular to the windows, be sure to leave gaps near the walls;
- installation is carried out in a dry room with the usual room temperature;
- when a prefabricated floor is formed, it is advisable to leave unopened packages with panels in the room for which they are intended for 2-3 days.
To take full advantage of the advantages of floating floors, you should wait a little with the introduction of baseboards - they are set after some time, the exact dates depend on the selected type of finish.